Cities in Anhui

Tourist Sites in Anhui

Wealthy houses, elaborate gardens, the production of black marble door frames, grilles, stone carving, floral, animals, brick pavilions, figures show the text, this is the Peach Blossom Spring, where people Xidi.

Jiuhua Mountain (九华山) is one of the four sacred mountains in Chinese Buddhism. It is located in Anhui province. The area is famous for it's mountain landscapes and ancient temples. Many of the temples and shrines here are dedicated in honour of the bodhisattva called Ksitigrabha (or in Chinese Dìzàng - 地藏) who is the protector of souls in hell. The most important peak in this mountain range is Tiantai which, though not the highest peak in the Jiuhua mountains, is popular with Buddhist pilgrims. Myth and ledgend tells of the poet Li Baj who visited the Jiuhua mountains during the Tang dynasty. While there, he wrote the words, "妙有分二气,灵山开九华." This translates as, "Magic is devided into two branshes, sacred mountain generates nine glories." Thus Jiuhua gained it's name - Jiuhua meaning "nine glories."

Yellow Mountains or Huangshan, in Anhui province, is one of the most famous mountains in China. Situated a few hours train ride from Shanghai city, these mountains are popular today, as they were also in ancient times. The views and scenes of the Yellow mountains echo throughout Chinese culture in paintings as well as poetry, writing and music. The Yellow mountains are the inspiration behind the Chinese Classical Garden that has gone on to also influence Japanese gardens. The Yellow mountains scenery consists of spectacularly and peculiarly shaped graniet peaks topped by knurled and stunted pine trees, sunsets and views of mountains above clouds. Legend says that the mythical Yellow Emperor ascended to heaven form Huangshan after discovering the secret of immortality.

Lesser Tourist Sites in Anhui

Intro to Anhui

Ānhuī province (安徽省 Ānhuī Shěng) is located in eastern China. The province lies across the basins of the Yangtze River and the Huaihe River and covers an area of 139,400km2. The city of Hefei is the provincial capital. Anhui is landlocked with no coast. It is surrounded by six other provinces. To the north, Anhui has a short border with Shandong. Jiangsu province lies to the east, Zhejiang to the southeast, to the south is Jiangxi, then Hube to the southwest and Henan completes the Northwest corner. The population of Anhui is 64.61 million people, of which 99% are of Han ethnicity and 0.6% belong to the Hui ethnic group.

Anhui Tourist Info

History of Anhui

The prefecture didn't exist untill the 17th century, however, the region has been central to many events in China's long history. The originator of the ancient Shang Dynasty, King Tang of Shang, set up his capital in the city Bo (亳). This was near modern day Bózhōu (亳州) in what is now Northern Anhui. At this time, between 1600 and 1100 B.C. the population of the area consisted of the Dongyi people, a non-sinitic ethnic group. In the Warring States period (475-221 B.C.) the city of Shouchun, today's Shouxian County, became the capital of the state of Chu for a breif period before the Chu fell to the Qin in 278 B.C. Shouchun again rose to importance in during the peroid of the Three Kingdoms when it was the centre of the Wei Kingdom. The Battle of Feishui (383 AD) between the Former Qin of the north and the Eastern Jin Dynasty of the south, took place in modern Anhui.

In 1667, the sixth year of the Qing Emperor Kangxi, the provice was created with the provincial capital in Anqing city. The borders have remained relitivly unchanged to this day. In 1946, the provincial capital was moved to Hefei.

Culture of Anhui

Han Chinese make up the vast majority of the population. The She and Hui nationalities are the two largest minorities.

Culture

Anhui spans many geographical and cultural regions. The northern, flatter parts of the province, along the river Huai He and further north, are most akin to neighbouring provinces like Henan and Shandong. In contrast, the southern, hilly parts of the province are more similar in culture and dialect to other southern, hilly provinces, like Zhejiang and Jiangxi.

Mandarin dialects are spoken over the northern and central parts of the province. Dialects to the north (e.g. Bengbu dialect) are classified as Zhongyuan Mandarin, together with dialects in provinces such as Henan and Shandong; dialects in the central parts (e.g. Hefei dialect) are classfied as Jianghuai Mandarin, together with dialects in the central parts of neighbouring Jiangsu province. Non-Mandarin dialects are spoken in the south: dialects of Wu are spoken in Xuancheng prefecture-level city, though these are rapidly being replaced by Jianghuai Mandarin; dialects of Gan are spoken in a few counties in the southwest bordering Jiangxi province; and the Huizhou dialects are spoken in about ten counties in the far south, a small but highly diverse and unique group of Chinese dialects.

Huangmeixi, which originated in the environs of Anqing in southwestern Anhui, is a form of traditional Chinese opera popular across China. Huiju, a form of traditional opera originating in the Huizhou-speaking areas of southern Anhui, is one of the major precursors of Beijing Opera; in the 1950s Huiju (which had disappeared) was revived. Luju is a type of traditional opera found across central Anhui, from east to west.

Anhui cuisine is one of the eight great traditions of Chinese cuisine. Combining elements of cooking from northern Anhui, south-central Anhui, and the Huizhou-speaking areas of southern Anhui, Anhui cuisine is known for its use of wild game and herbs, both land and sea, and comparatively unelaborate methods of preparation.

Anhui has a high concentration of traditional products related to calligraphy: Xuanzhou (today Xuancheng) and Huizhou (today Huangshan City) are revered for producing Xuan Paper and Hui Ink, respectively, which are traditionally considered the best types of paper and ink for Chinese calligraphy. She County is famous for the She Inkstone, one of the most preferred types of inkstones (a required tool in traditional calligraphy).

Industry of Anhui

Agriculture in Anhui varies according to the climate zones that the province crosses. North of the Huai He river wheat and sweet potatoes are grown, while south of the Huai He it is rice and wheat instead.

Natural resources of Anhui include iron in Ma'anshan, coal in Huainan, and copper in Tongling. There are industries related to these natural resources (e.g. steel industry at Ma'anshan). One of the famous Anhui-based corporations is the automobile company Chery, which is based in Wuhu.

Compared to its more successful neighbours to the east, Zhejiang and Jiangsu, Anhui has lagged markedly behind in economic development, with a GDP per capita around one third the level of those two provinces. There is great regional disparity as well, and most of the wealth is concentrated in industrial regions close to the Yangtze River, such as Hefei, Wuhu, and Ma'anshan.

Anhui's nominal GDP for 2008 was approximately 887.4 billion yuan (ca.US$128 billion), up 12.7% from 2007 and a per capita of 14,485 yuan (US$2,085). It is considered a mid-size economy in terms of economic output.