Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden

Botanical Garden, such as a large garden, colorful tropical and subtropical plants dazzling. China's the largest and most diverse plant botanical garden - Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, the locals called it the Menglun Tropical Botanical Garden. The Botanical Garden is located in the Mengla Menglun 96 kilometers from Jinghong, away from the the Mengla city has more than one hundred kilometers. The flow of the Lancang River tributaries - Roseau River just Shui a bend, the land surrounded by a gourd-shaped peninsula, people put it called Huludao, botanical gardens built in the island. This Botanical Garden makes Menglun town name.

In Huludao, a variety of tropical rain forest landscape people forget. Composed by the indomitable spirit of the "root plate" cruel "strangling plants, magnificent" One tree forest, colorful "sky gardens" strange, "the old stems flowering" and dancing in the forest giant vine wonders, so that visitors feel mysterious and unpredictable. Those who will become the color of flowers, the sweet mystery fruit acid fruit, the Vigor fibrillation with music, rhythm, time of flowering clock flowers, as well as the poisonous tree pulp Antiaris throat "of exotic flowers and trees, are to make visitors feel very mysterious marvel.

The local spread of the phrase: "less than Huludao, mean no to Xishuangbanna.


Botanical Garden, is exhibited by each category of plant or theme as a district.

Celebrity Tree Park ", covers an area of ​​55 acres, is the main resort, the garden has a display Botanical Garden, the history of West Park spectrum, stone sculptures commemorating the Botanical Garden founder Professor Cai Xitao" line "sea of ​​trees, and dozens of national leaders and international celebrities Flocked trees, such as acacia Li Jiang Zemin Flocked Flocked ironwood, Ruihuan Flocked Ficus benjamina, the British Prince Philip planted Shorea Japanese Prince Akishino and his wife Flocked ebony, Wen Jiabao in 2005 planting Ome, ZhaoPiaoChu 1990 October banyan tree, Professor Cai Xitao planted to extract valuable drug promoting blood circulation holy medicine "Cambodia Dracaena travelers banana in the garden, curare wood (Antiaris throat), of dioecious Millennium cycads.

Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden was created on January 1, 1959, under the leadership of a famous botanist Professor Cai Xitao, located in the Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture Menglun, Mengla, covers an area of ​​1100 hectares, 570 meters above sea level, is a collection of scientific research , species preservation, popularization of science as an integrated botanical gardens, with Asia, the Danube known as the Mekong - Lancang River tributary of Roseau River on this piece of land set aside a gourd-shaped peninsula, botanical gardens situated in this picturesque island on a river clear water west discount east, triggered Peninsula gourd-shaped ". That year, Professor Cai Xitao, she was "Huludao" the very image of the name. After 50 years of development, has become one of the internationally renowned Botanic Garden, the largest area of ​​China, the most abundant outdoor cultivation preservation of plant Botanical Garden. Over 13,000 kinds of tropical plants throughout the garden, banyan tree park, national Botanic Garden, the banyan tree park, floral park, Celebrity Tree Park, ex situ conservation of rare and endangered plants area 35 special type of park, constitute an increase gorgeous three-dimensional picture: The flowers are gorgeous, handsome, Dipterocarp palm charm, the charm of Cycas Bamboo Seiitsu one hundred fragrant smoked the passage will make you dazzling; buttress roots phenomenon ", the old stems and flowers. "strangling phenomenon", and "One Tree forest" and "sky gardens" and other tropical rainforest wonders abound.

Cai Xi Tao was born in Dongyang, Zhejiang Province, graduated from Shanghai East China University (1911 -1981). Cai hope to build a pottery in Huludao, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden in China - Chinese Academy of Sciences, Yunnan Institute of tropical plants, creating a tropical plant research base, that is, we see the Botanical Garden, 1959, he served as the first any of the principal. March 9, 1981, Cai Xitao suffering a cerebral hemorrhage, unfortunately, died in Kunming, the age of 70.


Planted in 1989, Jiang Zemin, an acacia, grow more than ten meters high. The scientific name of acacia Chinese Xiang Sidou alias sea red beans, red beans, peacock beans. May flowering of the year, the October results. The fruit of Acacia red beans, beans, heart shaped, red, shiny, and has always been considered the symbol and token of love and friendship.

Sausage tree

The sausage tree flower fruit odd, compelling. Full bloom season, and its bright yellow inflorescence strings decorated, cool and feminine; until the time of fruit ripening on the occasion, slender pod like strings of sausages shaking Yi and colorful. This sausage can not be a real treat, but it is the traditional medicine of Yunnan Dai. In Thailand, also known as "smart poor FU", meaning "laburnum" in full bloom during the Songkran Festival is considered most auspicious trees have been selected as the national flower of Thailand.


ZhaoPiaoChu planted a linden tree, a large monument on the record the matter.

Linden, Sankoh plant, according to legend, the Buddha in order to get rid of the pain of illness and death cycle, and lay down the succession to the throne, around to look for the essence of life, the last retreat under a linden tree, overcoming all kinds of evil temptation, suddenly consciousness, and understand the true meaning of Buddha. Therefore, Dai people believe in Theravada Buddhism, so far as the bodhi tree for the sacred tree of Buddha. Its leaves have long drip tip, vein patterns and beautiful, do the bookmark as a souvenir.

Bayeux brown

Tall trees, bare trunk, at the top of the trees have leaves, and coconut trees. This is a the Bayeux brown, because it created a "the Bayeux culture". Dai people use its leaves in the above lettering, recorded text, in particular, recorded in Buddhist scriptures. Leaves to be processed in order to use a leaf to use the cord to wear even in book form. The Dai people relied passed down from generation to generation of Dai culture.

Palm - Leaf Culture

The Bayeux culture is a symbolic reference to traditional Dai culture. It is called the "the Bayeux culture", because it saved to named made in Bayeux Bayeux by this. Palm leaves culture, including the Pattra tissue paper books given by the book and survival in the community and the Dai traditional cultural phenomenon in three aspects. "Dai is the only nation of their own language, known as" Dai the Mengle text "in the various ethnic minorities in Xishuangbanna Dai's beginning to use 's may be between the 14th century Yuan, Ming, that dating back about 67 hundred years ago. Dai text Department along with the introduction of Theravada Buddhism and the introduction of origin in ancient India, Pali, and the constant transformation and the formation of it may be passed in with the Buddhist at the same time, also may be delayed, the Buddhist scriptures first passed down by dictation .

Bayeux brown leaves carved text, Dai folk moving legend: long, long time ago, there was a Dai young man in order to find the light, said goodbye to his fiancee to a distant, they give each other every day, write a letter to The words inscribed on banana leaves, they pass by a parrot. Far away as the young man's banana letter has not yet arrived they wither, the writing is not quite sure. One day, the young man to see a palm leaf in the forest, the insects chewing on mesophyll stay clear of the lines on the leaves. Been inspired by his words engraved on a kind of palm leaves, despite a multi-day pass, the writing is also well preserved. In this way, the ancestors of the Dai invented a Bayesian brown leaves carved text, the Pattra also a symbol of "light" and "love".


Professor Cai Xitao personally planted the dragon's blood tree is a rare species. Dracaena Liliaceae plants around the world there are over 150 kinds, five kinds of the tropical rainforests of southern China. It grows very slowly, a few hundred years to grow into - tree, a few years before opening - times spent, it is very rare. Dracaena, individual plant is extremely key to beauty, colorful leaves, bright and beautiful. The stems of Dracaena can secrete a bright red resin, called the "Dragon's Blood, Dracaena's reputation will be derived from these. This liquid is a resinous, dark red - kinds of precious Chinese medicine, Chinese medicine called "Dragon's blood" or "Kirin dried, can be treated muscles pain.

Worry-free to spend

Worry-free flowers, is invisible in the north. Worry flower the Caesalpinia evergreen trees, up to 5-15 meters, leaves slightly purple, drooping; flowering from April to May, clusters of old stems, they are all old trunk flowering. Legend, the Buddha was born here under the tree. Dai Theravada Buddhism, seen as a symbol of good luck, so the temple of each village are planted with this tree. This beautiful tree tree, you can do the species of ornamental and garden green. Its bark can be used as medicine to cure rheumatism and women irregular menstruation. Domestic South China, Vietnam, Laos has planted.

Map showing location of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden

Above: Location of Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden in Xishuangbanna, Yunnan, China