Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum

Terracotta Warriors

Terracotta Warriors by Romain Guy. Sourced via Flickr under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

The Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor in Xi'an, Shaanxi province of China is better known by the common name "The Terracotta Warriors" or "Terracotta Army." These clay soldiers are just one part of a much larger complex that made up the tomb for the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty of China, Qin Shi Huang. It was Qin Shi Huang who first conquered and unified the kingdoms to create China in the year 221 BC. Thus he is styled as the first emperor of China. The terracotta soldiers date to just after the time his death, 210 BC. They were discovered by some workmen in 1974, who were digging a well. Current estimates are that in the three pits containing the Terracotta Army there were over 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which are still buried in the pits. Many believe that this is just part of the full wonders of the tomb. The main tomb lies behind the warriors. Under a large mound of earth is the location thought to be the resting place of the emperor. The mount remains unexcavated  and archaeologists hope that it is still intact. If so, the treasures found within will be amazing. However, there are no plans to open the main tomb. The Chinese believe that we do not have the technology perfected yet to preserve any artefacts  found and so it is best to leave the site undisturbed for later generations to explore. 

Map showing location of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum

Above: Location of Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum in Xi'an, Shaanxi, China