Kowloon Walled City Park

Kowloon walled city park

Kowloon walled city park by Andreas. Sourced via Flickr under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License.

Kowloon Walled City was once famous. This ancient walled village was a no man's land in the middle of Hong Kong. When Hong Kong was signed over to the British, Kowloon Walled City was retained under Chinese control even though it was entirely surrounded by British controlled lands. Because the British had no authority there, the Walled City became a haven for illegal activity including drugs, gambling and prostitution. The British complained to the Chinese who disowned the problem, largely due to the logistical problems of policing a small city within a foreign territory but also because China had more serious and important issues of it's own to deal with. Throughout the British rule of Hong Kong, the Kowloon Walled City remained a place outside the law where triad gangs fought each other for control. By the 1990's the city had developed into a high rise slum where some 30,000 lived in an area of just 90 by 100 metres.

In 1992, the inhabitants were re-housed elsewhere in Hong Kong. It took several more years before the site was demolished. A small park now covers the site. Some remains of the older buildings can still be seen in the corner of the park.

Model of Kowloon Walled City in 1992, just before demolition.

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Model of the original 19th century Kowloon Walled City.

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Kowloon Walled City in 1991 just before demolition.

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Map showing location of Kowloon Walled City Park

Above: Location of Kowloon Walled City Park in Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China