Former Residence of Zhou Enlai in Shanghai

Zhou Enlai

Zhou Enlai's Residence by Dave Nicholls. Sourced via Flickr under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License.

Zhou Enlai was a major figure within the Communist Party in China. During the revolution, he was second only to Mao Zedong within the Party. He is often pictured by Mao's side in new reels and photographs of the time. In the 1960's, Zhou was the Premier of China. He also held positions as Foreign Minister in the 1950's. During the short period between the end of World War II in 1945 and the beginning of the Second Chinese Civil War in 1948, Zhou Enlai was in charge of arranging the Communist Parties affairs in Shanghai. The house in which he, and the other Communist Party members, worked and lived is now a museum.

The house its self remains largely in the state it was in the mid 1940's. Most of the furniture has been removed, but what furniture there had been was sparse. The house was not just a residence, but also the Shanghai Communist Party headquarters and offices. The office workers also lived within the house. This made life here very hectic and cramped.

The next door house has also be converted to a museum. It contains displays of various artifacts, photographs and descriptions of the lives of the people living here and the work they did. Within the garage is a car which was used by Zhou Enlai at the time.

The house it's self is a classical example of early 1900's colonial architecture. It would have been the property of a wealthy Shanghai resident during that time when Shanghai was largely controlled by foreign powers. It is set within the French Concession of Shanghai, and the street retains much of the charm of the colonial times.

Map showing location of Former Residence of Zhou Enlai in Shanghai

Above: Location of Former Residence of Zhou Enlai in Shanghai in Shanghai, Shanghai, China