Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum

Dr. Sun Yat-sen

Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum, Purple Mountain by thewamphyri. Sourced via Flickr under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License.

Dr Sun Yat-sen was born in the southern province of Guagdong in 1866. Educated in Japan, he became a leading figure in the revolutionary groups in China at the end of the nineteenth century. He was the founder of the Kuomintang (KMT) which was instrumental in the revolution of 1911 that brought down the Qing emperor and formed the Republic of China. He lead the KMT party for many years, trying to bring about a modernised China in the chaos of the 1910's and 1920's but never saw the desired result due to his early death in 1925, aged just 59 years. However his legacy was great and he is today regarded as the Father of Modern China.

The nation paid it's respects to Sun Yat-sen with a large mausoleum being built for him just outside of Nanjing, the then capital city of China with work starting in 1926 and Sun's body being laid here in 1929. The design of the mausoleum was choosen through a competition. It echoes the traditional Chinese architectural style. The winning designer was Lu Yanzhi.

Map showing location of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum

Above: Location of Dr. Sun Yat-sen's Mausoleum in Nanjing, Jiangsu, China