Confucian Temple Qufu

Confucius Forest

Confucius Forest by kanegen. Sourced via Flickr under Creative Commons Attribution License.

This is the Temple and Cemetery of Confucius, and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu, Shandong province, China. It was here that Confucius was born and raised and also here that he and his family were laid to rest. Confucius, or to the Chinese "Kong Fu Zi" or more often just "Kong Zi," was a famous teacher in ancient China. He lived about 2500 years ago during the Warring States Period of Chinese history. At this time, China was divided into several rival kingdoms. Confucius had a philosophy on how rulers should run their affairs in order to being about a harmonious and prosperous society. He travelled throughout China, trying to convince the Kings to follow his ideas. However, he gained few ears at court. Though he did create a personal following. It was his students who wrote down the books that now make him famous. These teachings have been passed down through the millennia. Even today, the Chinese government talks of harmonious and prosperous society with words that hark back to the teachings of Confucius.

In the town of Qufu, in Shandong province, are several buildings and museums that commemorate the old master. Here Chinese people come to worship Confucius and ask his blessings. The temples and tombs of Confucius are now a UNESCO world heritage site and a major tourist attraction in the east of China. The site is in two main parts. The first is the Confucius family mansion with is located in the centre of Qufu city. The second is the temple and tomb of Confucius, which is just slightly north of the city proper.

Map showing location of Confucian Temple Qufu

Above: Location of Confucian Temple Qufu in Jining, Shandong, China